©Salvador Dali - Invention of the Monsters 1937

Invention of the Monsters 1937
Invention of the Monsters
1937 51x78cm oil/canvas
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA

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From the Art Institute of Chicago :
Salvador Dalí, Surrealism’s most publicized practitioner, created monstrous visions of a world turned inside out, which he made even more compelling through his extraordinary technical skills. In 1943, when the Art Institute acquired Inventions of the Monsters, Dalí wrote his congratulations and explained:
"According to Nostradamus the apparition of monsters presages the outbreak of war. The canvas was painted in the Semmering mountains near Vienna a few months before the Anschluss [the 1938 political union of Austria and Germany] and has a prophetic character. Horse women equal maternal river monsters. Flaming giraffe equals masculine apocalyptic monster. Cat angel equals divine heterosexual monster. Hourglass equals metaphysical monster. Gala and Dalí equal sentimental monster. The little blue dog is not a true monster. "
Dalí’s painting has an ominous mood. It is rife with threats of danger, from the menacing fire in the distance to the sibylline figure in the foreground with an hourglass and a butterfly, both symbols of the inevitability of death. Next to this figure sit Dalí and his wife and muse, Gala. With his native Catalonia embroiled in the Spanish Civil War, the artist surely felt great anxiety over a world without a safe haven, a world that indeed had allowed for the invention of monsters.
— Entry, The Essential Guide, 2013, p. 276.